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All about Steroids You Should Know

We all have heard about steroids but what exactly are they. In this article, we have listed all the necessary information about steroids. So to start with, there are basically two types of steroid and there are different ways to administer different types of steroids. There are oral steroids, creams and even injections available. Let us learn more about steroids.

Corticosteroids

The first one is Corticosteroids which are produced naturally by the adrenal gland. These are mostly the oral steroids and they are used to control asthma, inflammation and many such diseases. Corticosteroids are also used in ointments made for skin. In addition to this, these are also available in nasal spray and inhalers.

Side Effects of Corticosteroids

Short term use of steroids leads to weight gain, mood swings, trouble sleeping, and nausea. The other side effect can also be thinner skin, acne, and high blood sugar or blood pressure. The long term impact of the medicine can be osteoporosis and muscle weakness.

Anabolic Steroids

The second one is anabolic steroids which are produced by testicles or the ovaries. Talking about the anabolic steroids, they are used for increasing the growth hormones and they are available as prescription medicines as well. Most of them are available as oral steroids where as some of them are also available for administration with injection or skin patches. It is necessary to obtain a legal prescription for these types of steroids. This specific type of steroid is also used for the people who suffer from cancer and AIDS.

Side Effects of Anabolic

Anabolic can lead to acne and fluid retention in the body. In the long term, they can shrink the size of testicles and they also lower the sperm counts. In women, the common side effects of Anabolic are infertility and breast growth. The long term usage of these can lead to liver, heart and kidney damage.

Hence, the steroids should not be used until and unless they have been prescribed by the doctor and over dosage should be avoided at any cost.